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SULLIVAN HUB - NY DOCS New York State Prisons & Institutions located inside the SULLIVAN HUB - Ulster, Eastern, Woodbourne, Sullivan, Shawangunk, Wallkill, Otisville, Mid-Orange.

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Old 10-26-2004, 07:54 PM
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Manzanita Manzanita is offline
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Thumbs up Mid-Orange Correctional Facility

Mid-Orange Correctional Facility
900 Kings Highway
Warwick, New York 10990-0900

(845) 986-2291

(Orange County)

Medium Male

Visitation Hours:

Visiting Rules:

Visiting Room: They have the vending machines. Alot of times the change machine doesnt work, so bring quarters for the machines.
You cant smoke on the visiting, except for summer time when they have outside visiting. And you can only bring unopened pack of cigs.

All lockers are in the hospitality center, so go in there to lock up keys and whatever else. The bathrooms are usually very clean (the one in the visiting room is nasty). When you come out of the center walk to the right, that big brick building is where you will go (thats the main population). When you get to the door, ring the doorbell, unless the guard sees you, he will open it. He stamps your hand right away. If you have a package, drop that off at the pkg room (down a hall on the right). Then there is a open area where you fill out the visiting form. Then go up to where the guards are to be processed. Most of the guards are pleasant. So then you will get processed and then walk thru the door to the visiting room. There is a guard at the desk on the left, he takes your paper work. You have to find your own table. There is a smaller room that is sometimes open. The entrance is on the right side of the big visiting room. If you have to wait more than 20 minutes for your man, then go up to the desk and inquire.


Prison Web Site:

Prison Picture:

FRP available:

Number of prisoners: Opened: 1977, Capacity: 750 male (A), Adult Correctional Institutions, Employees: 387, Cost of care: $66.24 per day

General Information: http://www.volunteermatch.org/orgs/org12241.html
"Puppies Behind Bars Program"

(jaxtraw)Mid-orange was a very easy place to do a bid, if there is such a thing as an easy place. I left there a year ago, since I've heard its gotten a little more strict since they completed the secon fence, but still an easy place. There is very little bs that goes on there...I was there 18 months and did not even see one fight. The only thing people really get in trouble for is "dirty urine". The facility itself is setup like a college campus and not like the new cookie cutter facilities they've built. There are about 14 houses each with an "l" shaped hallway. One hallway is all rooms about 5 on each side, 1 person, 2person and 4 person...based on seniority. The other hallway opens to a room about 30 ft x 50 ft, and there are 7 beds on each side seperated very well by dividers (they look like the cubicles you'd see in an office). Obviously a single room is the best. After that it is based on your preference, I personally liked the 2 man room b/c I had great bunkies, and I was worried about snorers in the cube area. Then there is a common room that has a tv with cable, tables to play games, and a seperate area that has a washer and dryer for laundrey. aThis is also the area where the cooking gets done...2 hot plates per house and everybody takes turns. They will wake u up at 7am during the week for count and u have to be out of the house by 7:30 u have the option of going to chow, any meal is optional. At 8 morning programs start (few programs there, the only downside but never bothered me). You go back to your house at 11 . At 12 is lunch, then 12:45 are the pm programs. At 3 back into house, 4:30 starts dinner. At 5:30 you can either go to the gym or yard. At 8 back in for count , then You can go to the gym 8:30-9:30, 10pm count, 12pm tv goes off. On weekends all houses are open all day and You can stay iin all day if that is what you like, no programs, and the tv is on until 2am. The co's for the most part were very cool, no bs, u did have some that were not, but that was the exception, and even then the only thing that made them a**h*les were they enforced the rules very strictly. They have the asat program there which I took, wasnt bad, just boring and it helped me miake my merit board. Basically it is an easy place to do time, and an easy place to stay out of trouble. Of course one can get into trouble anywhere if they look for it. I hope I gave u a liitle insight as to what it is like...If you want more specifics, dont hesitste to ask...HE is at a good place

I was actually released on work release. The first time I was approve by mid-orange then rejected by Albany b/c I had one bs ticket in the visit room, they were just looking for a reason. Another guy there with me was on his 3rd felony and had violence in his past and still got it...so you never know. I got the Merit board, because my crime was elgible (non-violent), and I completed the criteria...Asat. From what I understand if they hit u at the merit, you are almost always certain to get your regular board. Dont llet him be concerned about the others at mid-orange, b/c about 30% are lifers and 75% are either in for violence or have it on thier record. I had about 10 letters from friends and family, staing that I was a good person and have grown from my experience, and a specific example of a common experience that showed positively on my charater. They should write in the letter who they are and how they know him. Also make sure that none of the letters make light of the crime or criticize the prosecution. Parole is not bad, my po is very cool. Came by my house once in 10 months and gives me a travel pass often to see my fiance in philly. He is on Long Island, however I moved into Manhattan and the po there was a total azzhole. After speaking to him for 30 mins. I told him I would move back to LI, and made up some reason. There would be no way Id be able to deal with him. So I am moving back to LI and fortunately I have been under the cool PO the whole 6 months I've been in the city. Basically it is who you get. A co-defendant of mine has his fianse living in NJ, and his PO on LI, lets him sleep there, so again it is the luck of the draw. I think I got most of yo questions answered, if you have more feel free to ask. Oh yeah..be careful of the MID ORANGE visit rooms, LOL(jaxtraw)
If you have any additional information, you can PM Mrs G.- and it will be added accordingly

Aging facility, modern philosophy

Mid-Orange, a medium-security prison housing 750 adult males, occupies 740 rolling country acres in the foothills of the picturesque Ramapo Mountains in southern Orange County, about 60 miles northwest of New York City. The property includes frontage on Wickham Lake, where employees often picnic. Laid out among bucolic wetland tracts and woods are more than 60 buildings.

One, the Manor House, is 160 years old. Most date from the early 1930's, when the institution opened as a boys' reformatory, and are two-story, red brick structures with maroon trim. Stone walls intersect broad lawns where geese flock and deer graze. Picnic tables stand among apple trees; grapes grow outside the superintendent's house. A public road winds through the property.

Most of this splendor is off limits to inmates, who are generally restricted to one of two fenced areas: the main compound and, about a quarter-mile distant, H-Section. H-Section is honor housing, with dormitories and small rooms for approximately 130 "outside-cleared" inmates. It is H-Section that provides the inmate manpower for Mid-Orange's impressive program of community service.

Crews of inmates under Officer supervision are regularly placed at the service of other state agencies, doing maintenance work at the Bear Mountain State Park and on the state Thruway, for example. Others help out local governments and not-for-profit organizations: inmates paint and shovel snow for local churches, clear brush and debris from roadsides and maintain local cemeteries and senior citizen centers. Inmates clean up Warwick's Cascade Park and Little League baseball fields.

Mid-Orange's staff and inmates also are always ready to respond in emergencies. Two recent examples include aiding firelighters at West Point and filling and piling sandbags to hold back flood-waters rising around the town of Greenwood Lake.

Forty to 45 men work in the Corcraft (Correctional Industries) modular housing shop just outside the main compound. The shop, when it started production in 1985, was the first correctional program of its kind in the nation (since then, it has been copied in several other states). It was introduced specifically to meet DOCS' need for new Family Reunion Program units. Since then, using an adaptable modular system, the shop has branched out to produce a variety of structures for DOCS and other customers. These include visitors' reception and hospitality units, office structures, a library for the village of Florida and classrooms for the Briarcliff and Spackenkill public school systems.

Besides modular units, Mid-Orange now produces the blue barricades used by the New York City Police Department to block parade routes and crime scenes. For a short period in the mid-'90's, the shop manufactured modular cells for S-blocks.

A mini-city corrections system in the suburbs

The Mid-Orange facility is one of three Orange County farmland properties bought by the New York City Department of Correction in the early years of the 20th century. In 1916, a property in New Hampton became a city-run reformatory for boys. The reformatory was later taken over by the state and still later, in the 1970's, it was converted to a forensic psychiatric hospital to replace the old Matteawan asylum in Fishkill. Another property in nearby Chester was operated as a farm colony for women offenders. Today, it is a shelter for homeless New York City men.

The Warwick property on which Mid-Orange is located was purchased after World War I. An early plan to establish a 500-bed hospital for drug addicts was never realized. Records are scant, but the site seems to have been used at times to house inebriates and addicts and at other times as an "honor colony" for small numbers of well-behaved New Hampton reformatory prisoners. The 740-acre property was under-utilized until 1932, when it was transferred to the state in a trade.

The demise of the House of Refuge

To understand the trade, we have to go back to 1825. That year, a group of private citizens established a House of Refuge in New York City. It was created specifically to provide a place of detention for juveniles, who until then were housed along-side adult criminals. It was the first children's reformatory in the U.S. and was intended for young vagrants, pickpockets and beggars of both sexes generally aged from about nine or 10 up to 15. In 1854, after several relocations, the House of Refuge settled on Randall's Island in the East River.

Toward the end of the 19th century, a vigorous campaign began for the reform of the reformatories. The Randall's Island House of Refuge and its imitators had performed a vital public service in separating children from the adult justice system, but there was little else to praise.

With no other models to look to, Randall's Island had copied the forbidding architecture and rigid routines of the prison system, which later generations regarded as ill-fitting a "refuge" for children. That wasn't all that was wrong. Soon after the turn of the century, an investigation revealed instances of extremely brutal treatment and severe discipline. Clothing was shabby and inadequate, the diet was poor, and the coed arrangement allowed the development of "unwholesome relationships."

The state Legislature acted to improve the situation. First, in 1904, it moved the girls to Hudson. Next, it laid plans to find a wholesome place in the country for the boys. A training school would be erected on the cottage plan, as recommended by reformers, with the boys supervised by "house parents" so as to approximate normal family life.

But for nearly three decades, the State Training School for Boys existed only on paper. A site selection commission was appointed in 1904, but its members were unable to agree among themselves. A new commission found a site near Vassar College, but the women's college did not want delinquent boys as neighbors and Poughkeepsie was ruled out. At last, another site in Yorktown Heights, Westchester County, was found and purchased in 1908.

Construction got underway but was suspended pending investigation of a claim that siting the institution so near the Croton watershed would endanger the New York City water supply. The claim was refuted by both the city and state health commissioners, but influential parties continued to fight the Yorktown Heights site. The Legislature responded to the pressure by turning dilatory and stingy with appropriations, hampering a full resumption of construction.

Even after the appointment of a Superintendent in 1912, nothing seemed to happen. Disgusted, the Superintendent resigned in 1915. Two years later, the project was abandoned.

The idea was resurrected in 1929, when the city of New York expressed an interest in acquiring Randall's Island, about equidistant from Manhattan, Queens and the Bronx, to construct a Triborough Bridge.

The city had something to offer in return: the under-utilized property in Warwick. The trade was arranged. The state would build the long-sought training school, to be managed by the Department of Social Welfare (later renamed Social Services). The state would also use the opportunity to undo its mistake of several years previous. That was when, not wanting to leaven beds empty after the girls were removed, it had authorized the House of Refuge to take 16- and 17-year olds, whose presence was not in the best interest of the younger boys. The 12-15 year-olds would be placed in the training school cottages. For the older boys, a new institution - with cells - would be built in Coxsackie to be managed by the Department of Correction.

Building the training school

The State Training School for Boys officially opened on July 1 (the first day of the fiscal year), 1932. By this date, though, nearly 200 House of Refuge boys were already on site. They had been brought up a few at a time starting in June 1930 to assist with construct! on and begin working the farm. Until early 1933, when the first cottages were completed, the boys stayed in a wooden bunkhouse (since torn down) and in the Manor House, a large structure (now used for staff housing) built in 1840 on the foundations of a pre-Revolutionary War farmhouse.

Building for the new training school was largely completed by 1934. The main section consisted of housing and program buildings. There were 16 two-story, L- shaped cottages. The ground floor contained 12 individual rooms on one wing of the L, with the other wing open and holding about 20 bunk beds. Upstairs were apartments for the cottage parents, usually married couples, who acted as "guides, mentors and supervisors."

The cottage parents worked long hours, from about 7 a.m. to 9 p.m., when a supervisor came on duty and stationed himself at the joint of the L (where a Correction Officer is stationed today). For regular days off and vacations, the school employed "relief couples" (their term) who rotated around the cottages, using the second upstairs apartment.

Nearby were program buildings. The largest structure was actually several attached buildings: the long vocational building with saw-tooth roof, the chapel (now the messhall, the power plant (whose obsolete old generators are now polished and maintained as though in a museum) and the laundry (now used by the maintenance staff). There was an academic building (still the school today) and a gymnasium/auditorium building.

A new physical education building with a gym six-lane Olympic-size swimming pool was erects in 1969 allowing the original gym building to be converted to an aresenal and visiting room. The swimming pool was floored over about 10 years ago - inmates stopped using it out of unfounded fears about AIDS tranmission - and is now used for ping pong other recreation.

Two two-story, U-shaped buildings (now Mid-Orange's honor housing section) were set apart from the main group. The larger of the two, with an arched stone entryway, contained offices, the hospital, the reception unit with 16 rooms, and a kitchen and dining room. The smaller U-building was quarantine unit, with 22 cells where unruly boys could be isolated.

The staff residential group contained the Superintendent's residence, the Manor House (divided into apartments), another building with single rooms and the staff dining room (later converted into the administration building).

A fourth group held the farm buildings: cow and horse barns, greenhouses, a chicken house, a milk house and various storage facilities. Farming, once extensive at Warwick, was discontinued in the 1960's. One of the buildings is now used for staff training and others are used for vehicles and storage.

Training School program

The Training School operated for 45 years. It had a capacity of 500, but generally held about 400 boys. They were aged 13 through 15 years but often included older boys, some as old as 19, who lied about their ages to avoid prison terms. The program included academic and vocational training and work assignments in the kitchen, maintenance and grounds-keeping, or on the farm.

There were no fences, and "breezing" - running away - was common. Sometime boys broke into summer residences, sometimes they managed to steal a car (one boy picked the educations director's pocket, got his keys and drove off). Usually, though, they were picked up quickly by male cottage parents taking turns on "breeze duty."

Official state descriptions of the training school stressed the wholesome, family environment and the individual care given by a nurturing staff of teachers, social workers, psychologists and cottage parents. Another perspective is offered in Claude Brown's Manchild in the Promised Land.

From the age of about six, Brown had been a ferocious, incorrigible little street tough and thief/pimp/dealer trainee. In the early 1950's, he was sent to Warwick. "It was a jail in disguise," he wrote. "It was a pretty place. They had people walking around and looking like they were free, but you had to have a pass to go anywhere; and if you were gone too long, they had somebody out looking for you."

By Brown's account, the daily routine was just a somewhat restricted version of life on the city streets. Relations with peers, not staff, dominated the experience. Boys struggled for a better place on the pecking order and formed alliances for protection. They made copper knives in the sheetmetal shop. They stole and bartered and hustled. They sold or shared drugs brought back from the weekend home visits that were offered as an incentive to good behavior.

"We all came out of Warwick better criminals," wrote Brown. Maybe, but he also came out less criminally inclined. They made him go to classes there (he was a full-time truant at home). To placate Mrs. Cohen, the Superintendent's wife, he read a book she suggested — and then kept reading.

He was discharged from Warwick after 10 months, but returned voluntarily four months later, half-consciously realizing, apparently, that something was happening that needed more time.

Brown's transformation was not wrought overnight: after leaving Warwick the second time. Brown went back to dealing and scamming. But whatever started at Warwick was still at work. Brown went to night school for his diploma, entered college and, by his late teens, was done with crime forever.

Deinstitutionalization hits Warwick

In 1971, Warwick and the other training schools for youths were transferred from the state Department of Social Services to the Division for Youth (DFY). The switch was part of a general movement away from traditional institutional programs - including prisons, reformatories and hospitals for the insane and the retarded - that had been gathering momentum for about 10 years.

Almost from its creation, DFY had an anti-institution bias. DFY was born in 1955 as part of the Department of Correction, but was separated from corrections in 1960. The newly independent DFY did not include any institutional programs: its major thrust was the creation of alternative programs to spare as many youths as possible the scars of exposure to the DSS training schools.

When DFY was given responsibility for the training schools in 1971, it was with the expectation that their utilization would be reduced to a minimum. Within five years, DFY closed three of the training schools entirely. Each of them — Warwick, Hudson and Otisville - would immediately be absorbed by the bed-hungry DOCS.

Conversion to adult corrections

In 1976, the training school at Warwick closed. The property was transferred from DFY to DOCS in October. The Department erected fences around the two inmate housing areas. The two H-Section buildings were modified for use as honor housing, and the former staff kitchen and dining building became the new administration building.

The first inmates arrived on June 29, 1977. It took about six months to reach the planned capacity of 400. Then, starting in 1981, as the effects of the war on drugs were being felt systemwide, the new facility's population began to rise above the planned limit. Capacity was increased by double-bunking and placing inmates in the upstairs apartments and in the gymnasium. By the summer of 1989, nearly 1,000 men were housed at Mid-Orange. The next year, with the completion of several new "cookie cutter" facilities upstate, Mid-Orange was able to scale the census back to 750, where it has remained.

Diverse program offerings

Mid-Orange features a wide range of effective programs. In addition to the Department's core activities (work assignments, academic and vocational education, Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment and recreation), Mid-Orange offers special programs for veterans and Hispanic inmates. A course taught by outside volunteers helps inmates to be better parents; inmates also work to create a better future for others through frank discussions with at-risk area teens about drug use, peer pressure and life styles through the Youth Assistance Program.

Other inmates in the Prisoners' AIDS Counseling and Education (PACE) program travel about the facility to provide factual information about AIDS and combat irrational prejudices that in the past led to ostracism and mistreatment of those suffering from the disease.

Two courses help inmates learn to control anger and aggression. Aggression Replacement Training (ART) is a 12-week course taught by inmate facilitators supervised by DOCS counselors. The Alternative Behavior Course (ABC) consists of eight sessions conducted by volunteers who talk with inmate participants about appropriate responses to anger and stress. A frequent ABC guest, until his death in 1999, was Richard Kiley, the award-winning stage, film and TV actor best known for his Broadway portrayal of Don Quixote in Man of La Mancha.

Also relying on volunteers is the Life Skills series of workshops. An average of 75 volunteers a year - doctors, insurance agents, bankers, attorneys, realtors and others - visit Mid-Orange to discuss their specialties and services, helping prepare inmates for release by broadening their perspectives and alerting them to opportunities and pitfalls.

Jubilee Network

Back in the late 1970's, Mid-Orange was one of the original sites (with Bedford Hills and Hudson) for the Network program, a behavioral modification program emphasizing personal responsibility while drawing on the power of peer support. Network was one of the first therapeutic community programs in New York's prisons. It differed from others (residential ASAT programs and Stay'n Out) in assigning a primary treatment role to Correction Officers. The program was considered successful, but fell victim to budget cuts in 1990, surviv- ing only in Shock Incarceration facilities.

In 1999, Stephen J. Chinlund - a former Taconic Superintendent and chairman of the State Commission of Correction who's now the Executive Director of the New York City-based Episcopal Social Services - received permission from Commissioner Goord to reintroduce Network to DOCS prisons.

Mid-Orange is one of a dozen facilities, all in the Sullivan and Sing Sing hubs, where the program is making a comeback. Inmates volunteer for the program and are housed together in B-3 cottage where they participate in carefully structured daily meetings, some involving the whole community, others in smaller groups permitting a more individual focus.

Meetings are supervised by housing unit Correction Officers, whose involvement assures that the Network culture of "integrity, hard work, mutual support and responsibility" is not restricted to formal program sessions but continues to operate as an influence 24 hours a day.

Episcopal Social Services employs Jubilee coordinators (two of whom are graduates of the DOCS Shock program) who sit in on prison programs weekly as advisors. Jubilee Network also offers a post-incarceration component, with meetings at several sites in New York City, for parolees and work release inmates.

I no longer work for PTO and do not have updated information to share
please go to the NY Forum for help from current staff and members!
Good Luck to you!

Last edited by Manzanita; 10-31-2004 at 11:41 AM..
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